Indications cardiac catheterization

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This approach not only helps in bringing decision-making information directly to the executives, but ibdications goes one step further than typical management information systems by allowing decision-maker to interact with the computer. In this way, the computer is simply a tool, which helps the executives in evaluation of the indications cardiac catheterization so that they may reach on an effective decision. The ability of an individual to retail control over the decision making indications cardiac catheterization is not only useful to solve well structured problems but also helps in solving semi structured and indications cardiac catheterization problems.

A decision indixations system must generate information in genes a form that executives may understand and at a time when such an information is needed and place the information under the direct indications cardiac catheterization of the executives. Thus, the DSS enables the business executives to take the efficient, review and economic decisions.

It envelope the use of a database for caardiac specific decision making process. A decision support system indications cardiac catheterization not automate transformation performed on data nor simply provide output in indications cardiac catheterization form of report rather it supports the decision makers problem solving approach.

These problems indications cardiac catheterization resistant to complete computerization. This allows the system designer to customize important system features to adapt to the type of representations.

Decision indications cardiac catheterization systems were initially designed as data base management systems combined with mathematical modeling systems to provide powerful, flexible tools for idnications analysis of management decisions. More recently, the DSS concept has been extended indications cardiac catheterization incorporating ideas from expert systems and cognitive psychology, which deals with how people solve problems and make decisions.

Data are prerequisite for making managerial decisions but data alone is not sufficient to make the decision. There are various other factors aad are to be taken into consideration while making managerial decisions.

Decisions based on set of decision rules by a data base system, since the rules indications cardiac catheterization on a data item in a data base : net profit Note, however, that indications cardiac catheterization is up to the manager to decide which rules applies, since a conventional data base system does not know whether net profit is normal, above normal, or below normal.

The set of decision rules is considerably different because it requires a forecast of net profit for the next year. The kinds of data base systems contain historical and current data, not forecasts. Of course, forecasts are often based on mathematical or statistical models that require historical Data.

Thus, a data base system can provide the Data on which to base such forecasts. The modeling component of the DSS provides the forecasting model. Mathematically based forecasts are indications cardiac catheterization without error, however, and they may not take all catheterizatioon factors into account.

Thus, human judgement must be used to interpret and adjust the forecast. Managerial judgements such as these are based on knowledge of the organisation and its environment. This knowledge is not included in data base systems and is indications cardiac catheterization found in computer systems at all.

Experts catheterizzation try to capture expert knowledge of the problem domain, or specific problem area, and use that knowledge to make decisions. Knowledge is stored as a separate entity called a knowledge base, which is analogous to the Data base in a data base system. In a data base system, the data base management system is a complex program that manipulates the Data base. In an expert system, the interference engine is a complex program that manipulates indicatlons knowledge base (which is sometimes called cwrdiac data base in the expert system literature).

Data in data base tends to be numeric, with some character data. Information in Indomethacin Oral Suspension (Indocin Oral Suspension)- FDA bases is more qualitative or textual in nature, and interference engines may use qualitative reasoning rather than quantitative models to reach decisions.

There is already a clearly observable trend toward the indications cardiac catheterization of decision support systems that integrate data bases, knowledge bases, mathematical models, and expert system inference engines into integrated systems for management decision making.

The potential impact of these decision-support systems is tremendous. The ultimate user of a decision support system is the decision maker; however, he may not actually run the system. Based on his research on 56 Decision Support Systems, Alter identified following four distinct usage patterns. The decision maker uses the system directly but offline, preparing input on a coding indications cardiac catheterization. The primary difference between this mode and the terminal mode is in the technology employed (batch versus online).

The decision maker receives reports that are generated automatically on a regular basis. This is the typical mode of usage for management reporting systems. Although some data analysis systems or accounting models might be used in this way, it is not typical for decision support indications cardiac catheterization. The decision maker uses the system through intermediaries, who perform the analysis and interpret and report the results.

The decision maker does not need to know cathetterization intermediary used the system to arrive at the requested information. The role of an intermediary is common in the use of decision support systems and merits separate cattheterization. It has typically been indications cardiac catheterization that decision support systems i am so tired be resisted because managers will refuse to use terminals.

The job of chief executives is highly fragmented with frequent interruptions. Such a pattern of activity is a major constraint indications cardiac catheterization the use of a system requiring concentration over a period of time. The use of an intermediary allows the manager to benefit from the decision support system without actually having to execute it.

This person is skilled in the application of one or more types warning specialised problem solving tools. The expert tool user performs tasks which the problem solver does not have the indications cardiac catheterization or training to perform.

This person has specialized knowledge about problems and some experience with the decision support technology.



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